By Richard E. Blanton, Gary M. Feinman, Stephen A. Kowalewski, Linda M. Nicholas
Simply after 500 B.C., one of many earliest states within the New international built within the Valley of Oaxaca, in present-day Mexico. The newly created political establishment introduced in its wake a profound transformation of society and know-how. This booklet investigates the wealthy archaeological list of the valley in an try and throw mild at the reasons and effects of those adjustments.
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Extra resources for Ancient Oaxaca: The Monte Alban State
South of the Ejutla region, Charles W. Markman (1981) completed a survey transect in the Miahuatlán Valley, where small-scale excavations and a reconnaissance had previously been conducted by Donald L. Brockington (1973). Three mountainous areas that abut the valley also have received full archaeological survey coverage. One of these is the Guirún area (Feinman and Nicholas 1996), running east of the Tlacolula arm of the Valley of Oaxaca almost to the current ethnic divide with the Mixe (fig. 4 and box 4).
At the highest point of this latter ridge, the valley's most massive complex of public buildings was constructed within and enclosing a plaza (the "Main Plaza") measuring some 250 by 100 meters. Building a city on steep slopes was not easy. Flat space for houses and other constructions was created by leveling the sloping terrain and constructing stone-faced terraces. Although most houses and other buildings are no longer standing, terraces are still readily visible on the surface, and we used them as our basic units of data recording when we carried out the systematic surface survey of the site (Blanton 1978).
While the Atoyac was no doubt a source of water for the center's population, it is 4 kilometers from the highest point of the site, where the earliest settlement was concentrated. 1 The physical setting of Monte Albán. Stippled areas are modern communities, including Oaxaca de Juárez, the state capital. Major sections of the ancient city are identified by letters; A=Cerro Atzompa, B=El Gallo, C=Monte Albán Chico, and D=the main ridge line of Monte Albán. tain itself there are no naturally occurring sources of water.