By Gordon Marshall
What's the relation among social category and social justice? this is often at present an issue of public in addition to educational curiosity. during this compelling new examine the authors assemble fresh advancements in normative wondering social justice with new empirical findings approximately academic attainment and social mobility. the result's a path-breaking contribution to the examine of sophistication and justice, one who might be of curiosity to sociologists and political theorists for future years.
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Extra resources for Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies
1, n. 2. 3. Independence model = ON + DN. 4. Common social fluidity model = ON + DN + OD. 2 2 2 5. G = log-likelihood ratio; rG = % reduction in G achieved by the CmSF model (treating the conditional independence model as a baseline); delta = proportion of misclassified cases. 4. Results of Testing the Model of Common Social Fluidity in Eleven Nations, by Sex (Respondent's Class Determined by Reference to Own Employment) demonstrate clearly that there is a substantial measure of cross-national similarity in the degree of social fluidity.
In Bulgaria and Poland the growth rate is only one-half of this. In what was East Germany it is more modest still, at approximately one-third. In other words, it is clear that these nations have attained different levels of industrialism, and this is reflected in their widely varying distributions of destination classes. Second, we may note that, although these societies therefore occupy a range of positions along the trajectory of industrialism described in liberal theory, there is no evidence that absolute social mobility rates are higher in the more industrialized societies of the capitalist West.
4). See also Evans (1996). , the 5-category and 3-category versions used in Heath et al. (1985), and the two-category collapse in Erikson and Goldthorpe (1992b). ) Classic studies include Blau and Duncan (1967) and Featherman and Hauser (1978). The status attainment programme sees the principal 37 interest of mobility studies as lying in the attempt to specify those attributes which are characteristic of individuals who end up in the more desirable rather than the less desirable jobs. Typically, these studies investigate the extent to which the present occupational status of individuals is associated with the status of their family of origin, rather than individual achievements such as educational attainment or other indicators of skill and ability.