By Michael Lynch
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Post 12 months notice: First released December nineteenth 2013
Russia is legendary for its vodka, and its tradition of maximum intoxication. yet simply as vodka is crucial to the lives of many Russians, it's also important to realizing Russian heritage and politics.
In Vodka Politics, Mark Lawrence Schrad argues that debilitating societal alcoholism isn't hard-wired into Russians' genetic code, yet quite their autocratic political method, which has lengthy wielded vodka as a device of statecraft. via a chain of ancient investigations stretching from Ivan the negative via Vladimir Putin, Vodka Politics provides the key historical past of the Russian country itself-a background that's soaking wet in liquor. Scrutinizing (rather than disregarding) the function of alcohol in Russian politics yields a extra nuanced figuring out of Russian background itself: from palace intrigues less than the tsars to the drunken antics of Soviet and post-Soviet management, vodka is there in abundance.
Beyond bright anecdotes, Schrad scours unique files and archival proof to respond to provocative old questions. How have Russia's rulers used alcohol to solidify their autocratic rule? What position did alcohol play in tsarist coups? was once Nicholas II's ill-fated prohibition a catalyst for the Bolshevik Revolution? might the Soviet Union became a global energy with out liquor? How did vodka politics give a contribution to the cave in of either communism and public future health within the Nineties? How can the Kremlin conquer vodka's hurdles to provide better social wellbeing and fitness, prosperity, and democracy into the future?
Viewing Russian heritage throughout the backside of the vodka bottle is helping us to appreciate why the "liquor question" continues to be very important to Russian excessive politics even today-almost a century after the difficulty were positioned to mattress in such a lot some other glossy nation. certainly, spotting and confronting vodka's devastating political legacies could be the maximum political problem for this iteration of Russia's management, in addition to the following
An old creation to the eu Union is a chronological political background of ecu integration from the Fifties to the current. additionally it is a contextualising survey of wider ecu background because the 1600s, and locations unification opposed to a heritage of global politics. This basically written advent to the fundamental background, economics and politics of the ecu Union assumes no past wisdom.
Written from the viewpoint of the manufacturing facility employee and peasant on the floor point, this examine of Russia through the Revolution 1917-21 goals to make clear the realities of dwelling via and collaborating in those tumultuous occasions. The booklet is meant for undergraduate classes in historical past, Soviet reviews, and politics.
Josef Stalin exercised excellent energy within the Soviet Union from 1929 until eventually his demise in 1953. in the course of that quarter-century, through Oleg Khlevniuk’s estimate, he triggered the imprisonment and execution of no fewer than 1000000 Soviet voters consistent with 12 months. thousands extra have been sufferers of famine without delay as a result of Stalin's rules.
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Additional info for Access to History. Stalin's Russia 1924-53
It made sense, therefore, at least in the short term, to ignore the question of quality and to stress quantity. The result very often was that machines, factories and even whole enterprises were ruined because of the workers’ lack of basic skills. Stalin was seemingly untroubled by this. His notions of industrial ‘saboteurs’ and ‘wreckers’ allowed him to place the blame for poor quality and under-production on managers and workers who were not prepared to play their proper part in rebuilding the nation.
Modernisation Yet it would be wrong to regard Stalin’s policy as wholly a matter of political expediency. Judging from his speeches and actions after 1928, he had become convinced that the needs of Soviet Russia could be met only by modernisation. By that, Stalin meant bringing his economically backward nation up to a level of industrial production that would enable it to catch up with and then overtake the advanced economies of Western Europe and the USA. He believed that the survival of the Revolution and of Soviet Russia depended on the nation’s ability to turn itself into a modern industrial society within the shortest possible time.
Organised rural mass disturbances increased by one-third from 172 to 229. A particularly striking feature of the disturbances was the prominent role women played in them. In Okhochaya, a village in Ukraine, the following riotous scene took place. An eyewitness described how women broke into barns where the requisition squads had dumped grain seized from the peasants: A crowd of women stormed the kolkhoz stables and barns. They cried, screamed and wailed, demanding their cows and seed back. The men stood a way off, in clusters, sullenly silent.