By Dieter Berstecher, Jacques Drèze, Gabriel Fragnière, Yves Guyot, Collette Hambye, Ignace Hecquet, Jean Jadot, Jean Ladrière, Nicholas Rouche (auth.)
In instituting its potential reviews the ecu Cultural Founda tion has to some degree long gone opposed to culture. before those that have been deeply devoted to the assumption of a ecu group appeared into the earlier instead of into the long run for bases on which the com munity should be built-in. despite the fact that, if we need a eu society to develop into a truth it needs to be equipped at the foundation of shared basic values. the vast majority of courses facing a unified or inte grated Europe have earlier authorised that this origin warrantly ing the soundness of a destiny ecu society could be present in yes universal parts of the historical past of the eu international locations. The futurological stories instituted via the ecu Cultural Foun dation haven't rejected this mode of strategy outright. they've got revered the old framework quintessential to any futurological project. however the examine and discussions of the teams operating in the framework of Plan Europe 2000 provide expanding aid to the conviction expressed by way of Gaston Deurinck within the first phrases of his advent to the current examine: "The destiny doesn't exist .. thf> destiny is to be created, and ahead of being created, it has to be conceived, it has to be invented, and eventually willed" ..
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Extra info for A University of the Future
Marxist criticism of positivist epistomology is a perfectly illustrative example of such work. e. in order to be able to test its own validity itself. Such a project, however, constitutes a radical implementation of the idea of rationality. 22 Jean Ladriere, Jacques Dreze, Jean] adot and Nicolas Rouche forms of expression based primarily on sensibility and intuitive and affective resources. Many groups will no doubt look for methods of establishing very direct communication between individuals, or methods which enable the individual to make immediate affective contact with total reality.
Assessment systems must be developed which will make it possible to follow students' progress and help them to orientate them- 28 Jean Ladriere, Jacques Dreze, Jean J adot and Nicolas Rouche selves most suitably, by changing their course of study if necessary. Guidance must replace the present selection systems. Perhaps however, at least in certain disciplines, it will be possible to retain tests of the examination type, provided that these are thought of not as tests of acquired knowledge but as tests of maturity, in which the student is asked to show that he has acquired a certain mastery in the handling of certain methods.
Scientific culture has a mode of development which is anonymous and to some extent automatic: it is on the basis of already achieved results that new progress becomes possible, but this progress is to some extent invited and even demanded by what has been established at a given moment. This lends a very great intrinsic force to scientific development but at the same time also gives a frustrating aspect to science. Insofar as he is solely the agent of scientific progress, man is not truly the agent of his own destiny.