By Paul Dukes
With its breadth of scope and conciseness of presentation, this 3rd variation of A background of Russia should be important to scholars of ecu and Russian historical past, and in addition to scholars of Russian language, literature, and social science.
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Submit 12 months be aware: First released December nineteenth 2013
Russia is known for its vodka, and its tradition of maximum intoxication. yet simply as vodka is relevant to the lives of many Russians, it's also significant to figuring out Russian heritage and politics.
In Vodka Politics, Mark Lawrence Schrad argues that debilitating societal alcoholism isn't hard-wired into Russians' genetic code, yet relatively their autocratic political procedure, which has lengthy wielded vodka as a device of statecraft. via a chain of old investigations stretching from Ivan the poor via Vladimir Putin, Vodka Politics offers the key heritage of the Russian kingdom itself-a historical past that's sopping wet in liquor. Scrutinizing (rather than brushing aside) the function of alcohol in Russian politics yields a extra nuanced knowing of Russian heritage itself: from palace intrigues lower than the tsars to the drunken antics of Soviet and post-Soviet management, vodka is there in abundance.
Beyond bright anecdotes, Schrad scours unique files and archival facts to respond to provocative old questions. How have Russia's rulers used alcohol to solidify their autocratic rule? What position did alcohol play in tsarist coups? used to be Nicholas II's ill-fated prohibition a catalyst for the Bolshevik Revolution? may the Soviet Union became an international energy with no liquor? How did vodka politics give a contribution to the cave in of either communism and public health and wellbeing within the Nineteen Nineties? How can the Kremlin conquer vodka's hurdles to provide better social overall healthiness, prosperity, and democracy into the future?
Viewing Russian background in the course of the backside of the vodka bottle is helping us to appreciate why the "liquor question" is still very important to Russian excessive politics even today-almost a century after the difficulty have been positioned to mattress in such a lot another smooth kingdom. certainly, spotting and confronting vodka's devastating political legacies could be the maximum political problem for this iteration of Russia's management, in addition to the subsequent
An ancient advent to the eu Union is a chronological political historical past of ecu integration from the Fifties to the current. it is usually a contextualising survey of wider ecu background because the 1600s, and areas unification opposed to a history of global politics. This sincerely written advent to the basic heritage, economics and politics of the ecu Union assumes no past wisdom.
Written from the point of view of the manufacturing unit employee and peasant on the floor point, this examine of Russia in the course of the Revolution 1917-21 goals to make clear the realities of dwelling via and taking part in those tumultuous occasions. The publication is meant for undergraduate classes in historical past, Soviet reviews, and politics.
Josef Stalin exercised excellent strength within the Soviet Union from 1929 until eventually his dying in 1953. in the course of that quarter-century, via Oleg Khlevniuk’s estimate, he brought on the imprisonment and execution of no fewer than one million Soviet voters consistent with yr. thousands extra have been sufferers of famine at once due to Stalin's rules.
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Extra info for A History of Russia: Medieval, Modern, Contemporary c. 882–1996
In her heyday, Kiev exported furs, honey and wax to Byzantium, with slaves in addition in earlier times and grain later. Luxury items, such as wines, silks and jewels, predominated among the imports from Byzantium. The same exports - furs, honey and wax - together with woollen fabrics were sent to the Orient to be exchanged for silks, spices, jewels, luxury metal goods and horses. In the earlier period, Kiev supplanted Novgorod as the main intermediary between the Orient and the West, but by the twelfth century, Novgorod was regaining her predominance.
The princes of Moscow were also assisted by the support of the Church. They made their own distinctive individual contribution by siring progeny sturdy enough to allow an unbroken line for more than a century. 11 Some historians, finding Kliuchevskii' s analysis too neat and too Moscow-centred, look for a more reliable interpretation of Moscow's rise in the work of A. E. Presniakov, who died in 1929_12 Presniakov pointed out that while unification reflected a natural tendency and a human aspiration, it was also a dual dynastic process, with both the weakening and strengthening of principalities going on at the same time.
10 During the reigns through the 1340s and 1350s of Ivan I's immediate successors, his sons Semen the Proud and Ivan II, Moscow's policies remained broadly the same, as did those of Tver and other rival principalities. The threat was fairly constant of Tatar intervention on the one side and of Lithuanian intervention on the other, while the princely families quarrelled among themselves about seniority and rights of succession. At the death of Ivan II in 1359, Moscow lost the ascendancy for a few years at the beginning of the reign of his son Dmitrii.